an eden for lovers birdwatching
In Machupicchu there are many Birds, it has a total of 443 species of birds. Among vertebrates, it is the group with the greatest specific diversity since it contains 23.9% of the Peruvian avifauna. In the SHM, 16 species of threatened birds are protected in Machupicchu birdwatching. Among the threatened species and of remarkable color we can mention the condor Vultur gryphus; the Andean toucan Andigena hypoglauca, the royal churrete Cinclodes aricomae, the Cacique de Koepcke Cacicus koepckeae and the front Canastero asthenes urubambensis.
The formation of the National Archaeological Park of Machupicchu, located in the area of the district of the same name, of the Cusco Region, with an area of 32,592 hectares, has been a response to give predominance to cultural management. Since the mid-1930s, the Inca City of Machupicchu was attended by the Peruvian State by personnel of the former Departmental Archeology Board, practically 20 years after the works started by Hiram Bingham in 1911. It was created by Law 9396, with an area of 10,000 hectares, becoming the first protected area by State and the second in the South American continent, administered at that time by the former Departmental Archeology Board, later by the Cusco House of Culture. In 1952, its restoration was ordered by Supreme Decree. In 1962, the Site Museum was created, awaiting its main pieces, which Bingham brought to the United States, and which offered to return to Peru. From 1972 the Park passes to the National Institute of Culture.